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Dextrose: Is it Bad for Dogs?

Dextrose….is it okay for dogs to have it? Are they harmful…they are just glucose..they’re probably fine..but what amounts is acceptable…how about Dextrose in peanut butter..is that safe?

These are all the questions any pet owner has to grapple with when it comes to dextrose. In this blog, we’ll explore what dextrose is, its benefits, and the right doses for dogs. We’ll also answer the question: Is dextrose harmful to dogs?

What is Dextrose?

Dextrose is a sugar that is derived from corn. It is used in many foods and products as a sweetener or thickener. Dextrose is also often used in intravenous (IV) solutions to help replenish glucose levels in people who are unable to eat or drink.

Dextrose is broken down into glucose in the body, which is then used for energy. Dogs need glucose for energy, but they can also derive it from other sources such as proteins and fats.

When several single monosaccharide molecules are linked together to form complex polysaccharides, the resulting compound is dextrin. Dextrin is produced through a process where starch or simple glucose such as glucose monohydrate is hydrolyzed to form low-molecular-weight carbohydrates

Uses of Dextrose for Dogs – Explain like a vet:

Artificial sweetener:

Dextrin is used as an artificial sweetener or thickener in many foods and products. High fructose corn syrup is a dextrin in which some of the natural glucose has been changed to fructose, resulting in a highly stable and simple-to-use sweetener. Other names for dextrin include maltodextrin, corn syrup, and dextrose.

Some brands such as Benefiber use Dextrose as dietary fiber as well as a prebiotic ingredient made with wheat dextrin.

Benefiber - an example of a dietary fiber used as sweetener and source of dextrose glucose and fiber
Benefiber

Dextrose powder for dog diarrhea: Hydrant

Dextrose may also be used as an osmotic laxative to treat constipation in dogs. The osmotic laxative pulls water into the intestine, which softens the stool and helps to move it through the digestive system. Dextrose is available in a powder form that can be mixed with water and given by mouth.

Dextrose can also be used as an electrolyte replacement for dogs that are dehydrated. Dehydration can occur due to diarrhea, vomiting, or heat stroke. Dextrose is available in a powder form that can be mixed with water and given by mouth or through an IV.

Glucose monohydrate is a common hydrant used in hospital settings to quickly rehydrate patients.

Used to flush out the gastrointestinal tract:

Dextrose solutions are also used to flush out the gastrointestinal tract before surgery. This is done by giving the dog a large volume of dextrose solution by mouth or through an IV. The dextrose solution will cause the dog to urinate frequently, which will help to clear out the gastrointestinal tract.

Dextrose is also used as a blood sugar stabilizer for dogs that are diabetic. Dextrose is available in a powder form that can be mixed with water and given by mouth or through an IV.

IV Solution to replenish energy:

It is also often used in intravenous (IV) solutions to help replenish glucose levels in animals who are unable to eat or drink. It is also used to treat low blood sugar levels (hypoglycemia) in animals.

Dextrose may be given intravenously (by IV) to help raise blood sugar levels in animals with diabetes mellitus who are having a hypoglycemic reaction. It is also used as an emergency treatment for low blood sugar levels in animals that cannot eat or drink.

It may be given intravenously (by IV) to help provide energy for animals during surgery.

Source of energy:

Dogs need glucose for energy, but they can also derive it from other sources such as proteins and fats. Dextrin is broken down into glucose in the body, which is then used for energy.

Dextrin and fluid therapy in dogs:

Dextrose is commonly used in fluid therapy for dogs. It is important to maintain hydration levels in dogs during illness or surgery, and dextrose helps to do this. Dextrose also provides energy and calories for dogs who are unable to eat or drink.

Fluid therapy is a way of giving fluids to an animal intravenously (by IV). This can be done to treat dehydration, provide energy, or deliver medications. Dextrose is often added to the fluids to provide calories and energy.

Dextrose solutions for dogs are usually given intravenously (by IV), but they can also be given orally (by mouth) or subcutaneously (under the skin).

Dextrose solutions for dogs come in different concentrations, depending on the intended use. A 5% dextrose solution is commonly used for fluid therapy, while a 10% or 25% solution may be used for emergency treatment of low blood sugar levels.

The concentration of dextrose in the solution, as well as the rate at which it is given, will be determined by the veterinarian based on the needs of the individual dog.

 Treating dog Hypoglycemia with Dextrose:

Hypoglycemia is a condition in which blood glucose levels are abnormally low. A healthy dog’s normal blood glucose level is 3.3-6.1 mmol/L, whereas diabetic dogs require higher levels of monitoring and attention to ensure their survival. When the body consumes an excessive amount of glucose (because there isn’t enough left in the blood to perform its normal functions), or when the liver can’t produce enough glucose to meet the body’s needs, hypoglycemia results.

Dogs with hypoglycemia may exhibit any or all of the following symptoms: weakness, lethargy, collapse, seizures, and coma. If left untreated, hypoglycemia can be fatal.

Dextrose is the treatment of choice for hypoglycemia in dogs. Dextrose solutions are available in different concentrations, depending on the needs of the individual dog. A 5% dextrose solution is commonly used, while a 10% or 25% solution may be used for emergency treatment.

Calculating dextrose in iv fluids:

The concentration of dextrose in an IV fluid is typically 5%. This means that for every 100 mL of fluid, 5 mL is dextrose.

To calculate the amount of dextrose in a given volume of IV fluid:

Dextrose (g) = Volume (L) x Concentration (g/L)

For example, to calculate the amount of dextrose in 500 mL of 5% dextrose solution:

Dextrose (g) = 0.5 L x 5 g/L = 2.5 g

Dextrose infusion:

Glucose CRI (continuous rate infusion) is a treatments where glucose is infused at a constant rate into the animal’s vein to maintain normoglycemia.

Dextrose solutions for dogs come in different concentrations, depending on the intended use. A 2.5% CRI means that a 0.05ml of 50% glucose per every ml in the infusion bag. The rate of the infusion can be adjusted according to the animal’s needs and response.

2.5% CRI = 0.05ml of 50% glucose for every 1ml of fluid in the bag⁠

Can dogs have dextrose? Is Dextrose Harmful to dogs?

Dextrose is safe for dogs and it is not harmful at all when used as directed as it is a complex carbohydrate that’s great at providing an energy boost to dogs and especially those with hypoglycemia. FDA classifies it as GRAS (generally recognized as safe) and is on this FDA list of approved additives. When used in large concentrations it may cause osmotic diuresis leading to dehydration which is why it’s important to follow your veterinarian’s directions. Dextrose isn’t recommended for long-term use as a sole source of nutrition as it can lead to liver problems.

When used in IV fluids for dogs, it can help to maintain hydration levels and provide energy. It is important to follow the directions of your veterinarian when giving dextrose to your dog.

See all FDA-approved Dextrose drugs here.

Side effects of dextrose powder for dogs:

The most common side effect of dextrose is an upset stomach, excessive thirst, rapid breathing, and dizziness. An upset stomach can lead to vomiting or diarrhea. If your dog experiences these side effects, stop giving them the dextrose and contact your veterinarian.

Dextrose can also cause a drop in blood sugar levels (hypoglycemia). If this happens, it is important to contact your veterinarian right away.

How to give dextrose to a dog:

Dextrose can be given orally, through an IV, or intramuscularly (IM). It is important to follow the directions of your veterinarian when giving dextrose to your dog.

  • Oral: Dextrose can be given orally to dogs who are able to eat and drink. It is important to make sure that the dextrose is fully dissolved in water before giving it to your dog.
  • IV: Dextrose can also be given through an IV. This is typically done in a hospital setting.
  • IM: Dextrose can also be given intramuscularly (IM). This is typically done in a hospital setting.

Dextrose in peanut butter for dogs:

Dextrose is a sugar that is derived from corn and is used in many different food products. Peanut butter is one of those foods. Dextrose is often added to peanut butter as a sweetener, but it can also be used as a preservative.

The amount of dextrose in peanut butter varies depending on the brand. Some brands add more dextrose than others. However, the amount of dextrose in peanut butter is generally low and is not considered to be harmful to dogs.

In fact, many veterinarians recommend using peanut butter with added dextrose as a treat for dogs who are diabetic. The dextrose helps to stabilize the blood sugar levels of diabetic dogs.

If you are concerned about the amount of dextrose in peanut butter, you can always check the label to see how much dextrose has been added. Or, you can choose a brand of peanut butter that does not add any dextrose.

FAQs

Q:is dextrose powder good for dogs everyday?

A: No, dextrose is not recommended for long-term use as a sole source of nutrition as it can lead to liver problems.

Q:is dextrose powder harmful for dogs?

A: No, dextrose is not harmful for dogs when used as directed. It is important to follow the directions of your veterinarian when giving dextrose to your dog.

Q: how often can I give my dog dextrose powder?

A: It is important to follow the directions of your veterinarian when giving dextrose to your dog. Dextrose is not recommended for long-term use as a sole source of nutrition as it can lead to liver problems.